What is IUD? IUD stands for “intrauterine device.” It is a T – Shaped device as tiny as a quarter that is inserted into the Uterus. It is one of the most effective and safest method of contraception. There are different types and uses of the IUD, which are:
- Hormonal IUD: This type has the hormone Progesterin (e.g levonorgestrel ) in it. Others are Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena, Skyla. It has mild side effects kind of like Post menstrual syndrome (PMS) like Breast tenderness, Acne, Nausea, headaches, etc.. These side effects isn’t applicable to everyone.
- Non-Hormonal IUD: This type is made with “Copper”. It is used to prevent sperm from living in the Uterus. The side effect is mostly Heavy Periods and more cramps. Remember that the side effects depends on the individuals involved.
How does it work?
A Gynecologists’ inserts the IUD into your uterus, It prevents the sperm from reaching the uterus and fertilizing the eggs. The mechanism is unknown but it isn’t an abortifacients, I.e it can’t be used to interrupt an implanted pregnancy.
What else should I know about it?
– IUDs do not protect against STDs
– IUDs can slip off. Although it rarely happens but a check up with
your gynaecologist can get that sorted out.
– The insertion of the IUD can hurt a bit, or you can feel a bit of pressure at that area. The gynaecologist can’t prescribe some pain killers to help with the pain.
– IUDs can cause mood changes.
– IUDs can be reversible, I.e you can meet the gynaecologist to remove it when you feel you are ready to get pregnant.
We always advise against self medications, if you want to get more information and not sure you can make it to the hospital, we can schedule an online consultation with a Doctor/ Gynecologists’ by calling 08090160175 to book an appointment.